Topic 4 Types of Gender Based Violence

When we think about Gender Based Violence, different images (like the ones you have chosen to upload), different scenes, different situations… basically different types of it can come to our mind.

Let us try to clear this wide variety by explaining different types of Gender Based Violence.

Physical Violence is an act attempting to cause, or resulting in, pain and/or physical injury. It includes beating, burning, kicking, punching, biting, maiming or killing, or the use of objects or weapons (Council Of Europe)

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All forms of violence have a psychological aspect, since the main aim of being violent or abusive is to hurt the integrity and dignity of another person. Apart from this, there are certain forms of violence which take place using methods which cannot be placed in other categories, and which therefore can be said to achieve psychological violence in a ‘pure’ form. This includes isolation or confinement, withholding nformation, disinformation, and threatening behaviour (Counsil Of Europe)

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Sexual Violence is any sexual act, attempt to obtain a sexual act, unwanted sexual comments or advances, or acts to traffic, or otherwise directed, against a person’s sexuality using coercion, by any person regardless of their relationship to the victim, in any setting, including but not limited to home and work. (World Health Organization).

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Economic Violence is any act or behaviour which causes economic harm to an individual. Economic violence can take the form of, for example, property damage, restricting access to financial resources, education or the labour market, or not complying with economic responsibilities, such as alimony (European Institute of Gender Equality).

Social Violence is any kind of limitation, control or inducement of social isolation of a person. It separates the victim from family and friends, depriving them from social support and away from its usual social sphere.