Topic 2 Rape Culture

Have you heard about the concept of

Rape Culture?

It refers to the social and cultural structure that normalizes, justifies, accepts and makes invisible sexual violence.

As we have seen before, sexual violence is not inherent to human being but it is a social construction.

So in order to eradicate this, is necessary to be awareness of the social mechanisms that promote it.

These are:

1.Social and cultural construction of hegemonic masculinity

We have already seen the patriarchal gender constructions that can lead to gender based violence and, therefore, to sexual violence.

2.Objectification and sexualization of women

 

Objectification (or reification) is the process through which a person or society itself reduces a person (someone) into a thing (something), taking that person away what makes him/her a person.

It goes closely related to sexualization which is the attribution of an erotic/sexual connotation to something that shouldn’t have it.

In our society this two concepts get together turning women into sexual objects and therefore in bodies for men to be used.

3.The domination’s eroticization

The definition and image of women as essentially sexual beings has increased since the twentieth century in a process called the domination’s eroticization.

By this process, patriarchy has built masculine and feminine sexualities in a way that both men and women are supposed to get excited by images and experiences of masculine domination over women.

Therefore abuse plays a central role.

4.Hegemonic Pornography

Hegemonic pornography is obviously based on this values of hegemonic masculinity, objectification, sexualisation, masculine domination; and masculine sexual desire is built, among other things, through this hegemonic pornography. It is easy to imagine, therefore, how young boys are getting used to get excited with.

Patriarchal and violent mainstream pornography consumption feeds the scheme that builds sexual violence (Tardón y Pérez, 2016)

5.Blaming the victim

Rape is the only crime where the perpetrator feels innocent and the victim feels ashamed (Chesnais, 1981)

Furthermore, there is an idea of the imposition of rape resistance where the victim have to proof that she has physically resisted the aggression from the beginning until the end, and the absence of “no” is translated immediately as “yes

All these stereotypes blame women and re-victimize even through institutional violence.

This leads us back the concept of “consent” (which you have seen in Module 2).

Just let us show you one more video about it:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pZwvrxVavnQ

Consent

And just to end this topic with a funny touch, let’s watch this last video about “Asking for it”

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JO-HI1hGcpM