Topic 1 Sexual Violence Types

Let’s see a classification based on different axes.

  1. Based on the contact:

1.1 With physical contact:

Caresses, masturbation, touching, all forms of non consented contact, and violation (with the penis, fingers or objects).

1.2 Without physical contact:

Voyeurism, indecent exposure, sexual pictures, forcing to watch porn material, indecent proposals, lascivious looks, obscene words or gestures, sexist insults.

  1. Based on the relationship with perpetrator:

2.1 Intimate relationships:

The perpetrator has an intimate relationship with the victim, either in marriage or while dating.

2.2 Non-intimate relationships:

The perpetrator is not the victim’s partner. He can be a stranger or, more frequently, someone known by the victim, even from her closer circle.

New forms of sexual violence:

3.1 through Sexting:

Sending sexual, erotic or pornographic   messages, through technological devices and platforms, without consent.

3.2 Sexpreading:

Spreading images or videos with sexual contents without consent.


Denial to use contraceptive methods:

It is a very common practice in sexual relationships when the man refuses to use any kind of contraceptive methods. It is usually combined with blackmailing or threats.

There is also the so-called “stealthing”, which is taking out the condom in the middle of the act, without the partner consent.


Other forms of sexual violence:

  • Sexual exploitation
  • Prostitution
  • Women trafficking with sexual exploitation purposes
  • Sexual abuse to people with functional diversity
  • Child sexual abuse
  • Forced marriage (including child marriage)
  • Forced abortion
  • Female genital mutilation and mandatory inspections of virginity
  • Systematic violation during armed conflicts